Search For A Cure
Scientific Breakthroughs & Caregiver Tips
How Is Epilepsy Detected?
Epilepsy is diagnosed when someone has two unprovoked seizures (or one unprovoked seizure with the likelihood of more). What accounts for the severity and timing of seizure activity?
Seizures may be related to a brain injury or family history, but often the cause is completely unknown. Brainwave activity offers subtle clues to the origin of a seizure.
- Many people with epilepsy have more than one type of seizure. The earlier someone is diagnosed, the sooner the relief from seizures.
- Anyone who has had a seizure — or suspects they might have had one — should see a doctor.
- A primary care provider will refer someone suspected of having a seizure to a neurologist, a doctor with special training in disorders of the brain, including epilepsy.
- Many people with epilepsy show symptoms of other neurological problems.
- When someone is diagnosed with epilepsy, it can be helpful to know what triggered the seizure. Researchers are seeking ways to predict seizures before they occur.
- Earlier detection of seizures might help therapeutic or warning devices to be triggered prior to the onset of disabling clinical symptoms. Therapy dogs have been trained to recognize the signs of an impending seizure in some individuals.
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