A Search For A Cure
Research, Scientific Breakthroughs, & Caregiver Tips
What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a type of brain injury that results in immediate, temporary loss of some brain functions. It is usually caused by an impact or a blow to the head, but it can also happen when there is a sudden change of motion that causes the brain to move inside the skull. The impact or motion damages brain tissue, and the damage results in symptoms that can begin immediately or may take up to a day to appear.
It’s been a common misconception that a concussion causes a loss of consciousness, but in fact, most people do not blackout when the concussion occurs. Concussions often have a negative effect on memory, balance, coordination, reflexes, judgment, and speech, and the person may have trouble remembering what happened in the time immediately surrounding the injury. These symptoms often present themselves immediately after the injury, but they may take some time to manifest, making quick evaluation and treatment important even when a head injury seems to be minor.
A large majority of concussions do not cause lasting damage to the brain, but multiple concussions can cause cumulative damage that leads to long-term problems. A second concussion that occurs soon after a preceding concussion can be especially dangerous.
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