Search For A Cure
Research, Scientific Breakthroughs, & Caregiver Tips
What Causes Dyslexia?
While scientists have a good idea of which parts of the brain are affected by dyslexia, it’s not yet clear what’s going wrong in those areas of a dyslexic brain. The uncertainty makes it difficult to find the cause (or causes) of the disorder.
Although researchers have not discovered what causes dyslexia, they do know some things that don’t cause it. Dyslexics do not have vision or hearing problems that make them unable to see or hear language correctly, and there is no other physical trigger for the disorder. Dyslexia is also not part of a bigger cognitive problem; dyslexics don’t have below-average intelligence, and some, in fact, have above-average intelligence.
The root of the disorder seems to lie in a problem that surfaces while a child’s brain is developing early on. The cause of the developmental abnormality remains unknown, but a few risk factors seem to play a role.
- Family history. Children with a family history of dyslexia are at increased risk of having the disorder themselves.
- Low birth weight
- Exposure of the mother to nicotine, alcohol, or other toxins during pregnancy
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